To mark the 90th anniversary of the BBC World Service, we trace the development of the Caribbean Service.
Its beginnings go back to the early 1940s when the BBC’s first black producer, Una Marson was employed.
She created Caribbean Voices, which gave future Nobel laureates such as Derek Walcott their first international platform.
In 1969, one of the UK’s best known newsreaders, Sir Trevor McDonald, left Trinidad to join the BBC Caribbean Service as a producer.
He reflects on its legacy. Produced and presented by Josephine McDermott.
Archive recording of West Indies Calling from 1943, is used courtesy of the Imperial War Museum. Una Marson's poem Black Burden is used courtesy of Peepal Tree Press and the BBC Caribbean Service archive material was provided by the Alma Jordan Library, The University of the West Indies.
(Photo: Sir Trevor McDonald and Una Marson. Credit: BBC)
The Little Black Book survival guide
In 1985, Carol Taylor wrote a survival guide for young black men in the Unites Stated who were stopped by the police.
Her son, Laurence Legall, tells Ashley Byrne the story of the small and important book created by his mum to help young black men stay safe on the streets of New York.
It all began when Laurence went shopping and was robbed but the police didn’t take his complaint seriously.
A Made in Manchester production for BBC World Service.
(Photo: Carol Taylor. Credit: Laurence Legall)
The beginnings of Notting Hill Carnival
On 30 January 1959, the late Trinidadian activist Claudia Jones held a Caribbean party in St Pancras Town Hall in London, planting the seeds for the famous carnival.
She wanted to bring Caribbeans across the capital together for dancing, singing and steel bands.
Rachel Naylor hears from her best friend, Corinne Skinner-Carter.
(Photo: A woman having a good time at Claudia Jones' Caribbean carnival, at St Pancras Town Hall in London, 1959. Credit: Daily Mirror via Getty Images)
The Harder They Come
In 1972, a low-budget Jamaican film and its legendary soundtrack helped popularise reggae music in the world. Ben Henderson spoke to one of the most famous reggae artists ever, Jimmy Cliff, who played the film's protagonist and wrote a number of the songs. Jimmy explained why the film was so popular and how it reflected his own life.
'The Harder They Come' was produced by International Films Inc.
(Photo: Jimmy Cliff in 'The Harder They Come'. Credit: Michael Ochs Archives via Getty Images)
The funk and soul club that changed Manchester
In 1962, Nigerian man Phil Magbotiwan opened a brand new nightclub in Manchester, England.
In part because of his own personal experiences of racism, Phil wanted to create somewhere where everyone would be welcome – Manchester’s first racially inclusive nightclub. The Reno was born.
The nightclub became a particularly important space for Manchester's mixed heritage community, who felt unwelcome in city centre venues.
Phil’s youngest daughter, Lisa Ayegun has been sharing her memories of the Reno with Matt Pintus.
This programme contains descriptions of racial discrimination.
(Photo: Phil Magbotiwan (right) standing in front of the Reno nightclub in Manchester. Credit: The Magbotiwan family)